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Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

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ADA defines an individual with a disability is defined as a person who:

  • Has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more life activities

  • Has a record of such an impairment

  • Is regarded as having such impairment

The ADA prohibits discrimination based solely on disability in employment, public services, and accommodations. The person must be otherwise qualified for the program, service, or job. Title Ii of the ADA requires provision of appropriate academic adjustments and auxiliary aids and services for eligible students across educational activities and settings. Examples include:

  • Modifications to academic requirements, such as reducing a course load or substituting one course for another

  • Equipping school computers with screen-reading, voice recognition or other adaptive hardware or software

  • Providing note-takers, recording devices, of sign language interpreters

  • Providing extended time for testing

  • Providing a TTY in a student's dorm room when the institution provides phones in dormitories

The Office for Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Education enforces Title II of the ADA with respect to public colleges and universities. (Note: The U.S. Department of Justice enforces Title III of the ADA that covers private colleges and universities.)

Resources for more information:

Excerpted from Virginia's College Guide for Students with Disabilities (2003 Edition).